Sterling has too many projects Blogging about Raku programming, microcontrollers & electronics, 3D printing, and whatever else...
Posts with the tag raku:

The Lock Class

When writing concurrent code in Raku, we want to avoid sharing data between tasks. This is because code that shares no data is automatically safe and doesn’t have to worry about interdependencies with other code. So, when you can, you should do your work through Supply, Promise, and Channel objects that are then synchronized together by a central thread. That way, all the state changes are safe. This is not always practical, though.
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React Blocks

The react block in Raku is the primary means of re-synchronizing asynchronous coding activity. Using it, you can easily pull together promises, supplies, and channels to make a coherent whole of your program or a subsystem. A react block itself can run any code you want plus one or more whenever blocks. The code in the block will run once and the block will exit either when a done subroutine is called or when all the objects associated with whenever blocks are finished (i.
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Raku Schedulers

A large number of concurrency-oriented coding in Raku depends on the use of a Scheduler. Many async operations depend on the default scheduler created by the VM at the start of runtime. You can access this via the dynamic variable named $*SCHEDULER. The most important feature of a Scheduler is the .cue method. Calling that method with a code reference will schedule the work for execution. The type of scheduler will determine what exactly that means.
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Threads

Warning! We are delving into the inner depths of Raku now. Threads are a low-level API and should be avoided by almost all applications. However, if your particular application needs direct Thread access, it is here for you.1 Use of the Thread class in Raku is straight-forward and looks very similar to what you would expect if you are familiar with threading tools in other languages: my $t = Thread.start: name => 'Background task', :app_lifetime, sub { if rand > 0.
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Channels

A Channel, in Raku, is an asynchronous queue of data. You can feed data in to one end of the queue and receive data at the other end safely, even when multiple threads are involved. Let’s consider a variant of the Dining Philosopher Problem: We have five philosophers eating soup at the table. They do not talk to one another because they are too busy thinking about philosophy. However, there are only 2 spoons.
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Supply Blocks

When you have a stream of data flowing through your Raku application that needs to be accessed safely among threads, you want a Supply. Today we’re going to discuss one particular way of working with supplies, the supply block. If you are familiar with sequences, aka Seq objects, a supply block works in a very similar fashion, but lets you pull work as it arrives and easily do something else in the meantime.
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Promises

In Raku, Promises represent the simplest of the high-level language features for communicating between asynchronous tasks. They are very much like promises between people. For example, I might promise my son I will help him with his school work. I keep that promise when I help him. Or I break that promise if, for any reason, I fail to help him. The same is true of a Promise in Raku. A Promise to return a value is kept when that value arrives.
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Introducing Async & Concurrency in Raku

Before we get into the guts of this advent calendar for the next 23 days after today, I want to be sure to introduce the basic concepts I’m going to cover. I am calling this the Raku Async & Concurrency Advent Calendar, but what do those terms mean and how do they apply to Raku? This advent calendar assumes a basic knowledge of Raku. If you don’t know Raku, but you are familiar with another language, I’m sure you will probably be able to follow along.
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Sterling's 2019 Raku Async & Concurrency Advent Calendar

I have never done a full advent calendar before. I have contributed to some other calendar blogs in the past, but this will be the first time I do a complete one of my own. This is my announcement: I am doing an advent calendar. It’s even mostly written already. So what’s the theme? Raku! Concurrency! Async! Parallelism! All that stuff is my focus. I’ve spent some extra hours here and there trying to better understand the concurrency and async programming features of Raku and I’m going to share my knowledge with anyone who is interested.
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Quickly: Using a sub as a method

Quickly now, let’s consider the difference between a sub and a method. When programming Perl 6, the only significant difference between a sub and a method is that a method always takes at least one positional argument whereas a sub only takes what’s listed in the parameter list. In a method, the required first positional parameter is not passed as part of the parameter list, but assigned to self. For example,
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